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Posted by / 07-Oct-2017 15:55

Partnerschaftsfragebogen online dating

A total of 21 controlled studies were ultimately included in a meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of psychological interventions.Effect sizes (ES) were calculated for psychological measures and risk ratios (RR) for pregnancy rate.Otherwise, researchers risk ignoring factors contributing to the pregnancy rate that should have been controlled for.Therefore, it is possible that de Liz and Strauss’ study overestimates the efficacy of psychological interventions for infertile patients in regard to pregnancy rate.Thus, controlled studies were pooled investigating psychological interventions following the introduction of assisted reproductive treatments (ART).The databases of Medline, Psyc INFO, PSYNDEX, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant articles published between 19 (384 articles).Psychological interventions represent an attractive treatment option, in particular, for infertile patients who are not receiving medical treatment.., 2004) levels of mental distress, anxiety and depression.In addition to the evidence of encouraging long-term adaptation processes among infertile couples, there is clear empirical evidence that assisted reproductive treatments (ART) have a negative short-term influence on the mental distress levels of such couples.

It is important to note that pre–post effect sizes (ES) were calculated for psychological measures without taking into account the study design, i.e.counselling, cognitive-behavioural therapy, educational interventions, relaxation, psychodynamic/-analytic interventions); and (iv) the study had to report on one outcome measure at minimum (mental health, interpersonal functioning, infertility-specific stress or pregnancy rate).The included studies drew from both published and unpublished sources, and the literature search was limited to the timeframe from 1978 to 2007.Included were prospective intervention studies on infertile patients (women and men) receiving psychological interventions independent of actual medical treatment.The outcome measures were mental health and pregnancy rate.

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In several studies, infertile patients undergoing ART reported high levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety and distress (Greil, 1997; Brkovich and Fisher, 1998; Eugster and Vingerhoets, 1999; Chen ., 2007) have summarized these controversial findings and concluded that psychosocial factors like psychosocial distress, ineffective coping strategies, anxiety and depression may possibly lower one’s chances of becoming pregnant.